Home » Archiv – Jahrgang 1, Nr. 2

Choose language:

Archiv – Jahrgang 1, Nr. 2

Jahrgang 1, Nr. 2
Herbst / Herbst 2011

Special edition: Integrationsdiskurse in den Medien

Christine Horz & Carola Richter

Akademische Artikel

Elisabeth Klaus & Ricarda Drüeke

More or less desirable citizens: Mediated Spaces of identity and cultural citizenship (article in English)

special edition

| PDF-Fulltext

Ulrike Irrgang

Beyond Sarrazin? Zur Darstellung von Migration in deutschen Medien am Beispiel der Berichterstattung in SPIEGEL und BILD (article in German)

special edition

| PDF-Fulltext

Dennis Lichtenstein, Christiane Eilders und Julija Perlova

Integrationsprozesse in segmentierten Öffentlichkeiten. Die EU als Integrationschance für die Parallelgesellschaften in Lettland? (article in German)

special edition

| PDF-Fulltext

Magdalena Ratajczak

Representation and Visibility. Roma in the Media (article in English)

special edition

| PDF-Fulltext

Susan Schenk & Mohamed Ahmed

Does Al Jazeera make a difference? The framing of the Iranian election 2009 by Al Jazeera Arabic and CNN International (article in English)

| PDF-Fulltext

Interview

„Produkt eines jahrzehntelangen Kommunikationsprozesses“

Interview mit Dr. Sabine Schiffer zu Migrationsdiskursen in den Medien (interview in German)

special edition

| PDF-Fulltext

Buchrezensionen

Dirk-Claas Ulrich

Mohan J. Dutta: Communicating Social Change: Structure, Culture and Agency (2011) (review in English)

Read Review

Christine Horz

Margreth Lünenborg, Katharina Fritsche, Annika Bach: Migrantinnen in den Medien (2011) (review in German)

special edition

Read Review

Diese zweite Ausgabe des Global Media Journals (Deutsche Edition) befasst sich mit Migrations- und Integrationsdiskursen in den Medien. Der call for papers war unter dem Eindruck der massiven öffentlichen Debatte über die Thesen Thilo Sarrazins Ende des Jahres 2010 entstanden. Der mediale Umgang mit Sarrazins Thesen führte uns wieder einmal eine zentrale Frage der kommunikations- und medienwissenschaftlichen Forschung vor Augen, nämlich die nach den Wechselwirkungen zwischen Medienberichterstattung und gesellschaftlichen Diskursen im Kontext von Migration. Nicht immer werden rassistische Thesen auf so erschreckende Weise in die Tat umgesetzt wie von dem norwegischen Attentäter Anders Breivik oder dem deutschen Neonazi-Netzwerk. Aber Medien als Publikationsorgane und gesellschaftliche Institutionen, gestalten als Akteure die kulturelle, politische und soziale Konstruktion von EinwandererInnen und Minderheiten als „Andere“ mit. Hier setzen die Autorinnen und Autoren der vorliegenden Ausgabe des GMJ-DE an. Den Auftakt machen Elisabeth Klaus und Ricarda Drüeke (Salzburg). In ihrer eindrucksvollen Fallstudie belegen sie die Hierarchisierung der MigrantInnen in „Erwünschte“ und Unerwünschte“ in der österreichischen Presse. Die darin zitierten Einzelfälle können letztlich als wenig distanzierte Medienerzählungen der österreichischen Migrationspolitik gelesen werden. Auch im folgenden Beitrag von Ulrike Irrgang (Erfurt) werden stark polarisierende Medienimages von EinwandererInnen in den deutschen Meinungsführermedien DER SPIEGEL und BILD deutlich – etwa wenn die Darstellung von MuslimInnen zwischen prominenten Persönlichkeiten und Islamismus/ Terrorismus oszilliert und dadurch wenig Platz für die Berichterstattung über den breiten Zwischenraum muslimischer Lebensentwürfe lässt. Dennis Lichtenstein; Christiane Eilders und Julija Perlova (Düsseldorf, Hamburg) gehen anschließend am Beispiel der russischen Minderheit in Lettland der Frage nach, welche Rolle mediale Öffentlichkeiten für die Identitätsbildung in Vielvölkerstaaten haben. Wie die exterritoriale Identität der Roma in den Öffentlichkeiten in Slowenien und Polen widergespiegelt wird, untersucht der darauffolgende Artikel von Magdalena Ratajczak (Wroclaw). Hier geht es auch um europäische Minderheitenrechte, welche die Repräsentation der eigenen Kultur in den Medien sicherstellen sollen. Außerhalb der thematisch fokussierten Sektion dieses GMJ untersuchen Susan Schenk und Mohammed Ahmed (Dresden, Kairo) anhand einer Framinganalyse die Berichterstattung von Al Jazeera Arabic und CNN International über die Präsidentschaftswahlen im Jahr 2009 im Iran. In dem Interview der Herausgeberinnen mit Sabine Schiffer (Erlangen) nehmen die Gesprächspartnerinnen nochmal den größeren Zusammenhang der medialen Migrations- und Integrationsdebatten in den Blick. Schiffer beschreibt die Konstruktion antimuslimischer Ressentiments in den Medien als Ausländerberichterstattung im neuen Gewand und insofern als jahrzehntelang gewachsenen Ausgrenzungsdiskurs – mit dem sich die Gefährdung der Demokratie durch die aktuelle Wirtschaftskrise wirksam verschleiern lasse. Zwei Buchrezensionen runden diese Ausgaben des GMJ-DE ab. Wir wünschen eine spannende Lektüre, Christine Horz & Carola Richter
Based on the concepts of cultural citizenship and media-constructed spaces of identity the article explores how issues of migration, residency and citizenship are discussed in the Austrian press. The authors are interested in two questions: Which spaces of identity does media create for migrants and locals? And which markers of citizenship are used in migration policies? The analysed articles stem from a national quality paper (Der Standard), a very influential boulevard paper (Kronen Zeitung) and one of the major regional newspapers (Salzburger Nachrichten). The analysis focuses on four case studies: Arigona Zogaj and her family were denied permanent residency after having spent many years in Austria. In the only terrorist trial in Austria to date, Mona S. was symbolically excluded from Austrian citizenship. The reporting in these cases is contrasted with those related to two persons in the attention of public interest– the famous opera singer Anna Netrebko and the actor Christoph Waltz –, who were granted citizenship rights on the grounds of exceptional cultural achievements in the interest of the Austrian nation. The media coverage shows that cultural dimensions of citizenship are used as important indicators for determining the entitlement to permanent residency and citizenship. Belonging to a nation is linked to cultural factors such as wearing the right clothes, behaving properly or speaking the language and having attended an Austrian school. Along these lines migrants are divided into two groups of good and bad foreigners, but issues of power and social hierarchies of gender, race and class are involved here as well. While this holds true for all three papers, the Boulevard press is adhering to an extremely personalized style, while the quality paper is linking the specific cases to the debate on migration policies and laws.
This paper examines how the German news magazine DER SPIEGEL and the daily BILD cover the issue of migration in Germany. As other studies in the early 1990s have shown, the debate in both print media was dominated by negative and polemic articles. The analysis conducted in this paper clarifies to what extent this also applies to the more recent news coverage. By using quantitative and qualitative content analysis, the paper tries to answer the following questions: What kind of actors and institutional players are involved in the covered debate? How is the phenomenon of migration framed politically, economically or culturally? In which way do both news media evaluate migration? The case study includes 30 articles of DER SPIEGEL and 54 articles of BILD; all of them were published in August and October 2010. At that time, Thilo Sarrazin released his book “Deutschland schafft sich ab” which focuses on Muslim immigration and revived the public debate on immigration and integration in Germany. The paper also examines, if this event has affected the news coverage.

The results show that the daily BILD still covers migration in a very unbalanced manner. Muslim immigrants are predominantly represented as a threat to the “German culture”. DER SPIEGEL covers the debate in a more differentiated way with articles written by migrants showing Muslims and migrants as part of the German society. However, there are also statements made by politicians as well as entire articles that only emphasise the economic benefit of migration and thereby objectify people with a migrant background. In both print media, the book release had an apparent effect on the coverage. This can be recognized by an increase of articles on migration in October 2010.

The paper examines the social integration process between the Latvian speaking majority and the Russian speaking minority in Latvia´s public discourse. We investigate whether or not the integration of Latvia into the EU may help to overcome the integration deficit between the two groups. Integration theory, public sphere research and identity research are addressed in order to develop an understanding for the conditions of social integration. We conducted a quantitative content analysis of newspapers of the Latvian and Russian community in Latvia. The period of investigation includes the European elections in 2004 and 2009. Results show that both groups share common issues, and identify with the Latvian State and the EU to a similar extent. Nevertheless, the groups show divergent trends over time. This indicates that an increase of integration is rather unlikely.
This article is divided into three main parts. The first is an overview of the situation of the Roma minorities in Slovenia and Poland. The second part of the article presents minority broadcast media and the main elements of the legal and institutional framework they operate in. Finally, this article focuses on the visibility of Roma in the media. This article draws attention to cultural pluralism and how cultural pluralism is implemented by the public service broadcasters in Poland and Slovenia, particularly in the context of the presence of Roma minorities in the media. The research is based on 15 interviews carried out in Slovenia and Poland between 2006-2009 with journalists, editors, researchers, workers of NGOs, government representatives and Roma minority leaders. This study is also based on policy documents, reports of governments, NGOs and international organisations, academic literature and content analysis of Roma minority media.
The election in Iran 2009 caused a serious crisis in Iranian society. The news media around the world reported about alleged manipulation, election fraud and other irregularities. “Where is my vote?” became the rallying cry of Iran’s opposition. This paper presents a cross-national comparative media analysis of news reporting on the Iranian election and the subsequent national and international reactions. It focuses on how a controversial political event was covered by two of the world´s leading television news broadcasters: Al Jazeera Arabic and CNN International, with a particular focus on Al Jazeera. Two theoretical frameworks were adopted: a contra-flow approach – Al Jazeera as an alternative source of news – as well as its role with respect to democratization. Two flagship news programs were analyzed over a six-week period in summer 2009. With quantitative framing analysis as the central methodology (using statistical factor analysis), we focused on the content of 66 television news stories.
GMJ: Seit etlichen Jahren wird von der Forschung das Problem stereotyper Darstellungen von MigrantInnen in den Medien beklagt. Hat sich in den deutschen Mainstream-Medien aufgrund dieser Debatte etwas verändert? Wenn ja, was und wie lässt sich das festmachen? Dr. Sabine Schiffer: Wenn überhaupt, dann hat sich zu wenig geändert. Die Angebote sind ein bisschen bunter geworden – mit nicht ganz so deutsch klingenden Moderatorennamen im Morgenmagazin bei ARD und ZDF zum Beispiel. Aber …

Next Issue

Open Call for Autumn/Winter 2018 issue


You are invited to send full paper submissions addressing any topic relevant to international or transcultural communication and media until August 18, 2018.

Please check our styleguide D / ENG.

Affiliation

The Global Media Journal - German Edition (GMJ-DE) is part of a network of academic peer-reviewed open-access journals around the world

GMJ Network.

The German Edition is edited by Prof. Dr. Carola Richter and Dr. Christine Horz and hosted at Freie Universität Berlin and the University of Erfurt.

UniErfurtLogo

Logo_Web_RGB

Indexing

The Content of GMJ-DE is indexed by

EBSCO

DOAJ CC-BY-NL-

BY-NL